What Is Knee Arthroscopy?
Knee arthroscopy is a surgical method used to treat and diagnose knee joint issues. A tiny camera is inserted through a small incision into the knee called an arthroscope. It is necessary to view the inner joint on the screen so that the problem can be identified. If there is a minor issue then he makes use of small instruments within the arthroscope.
This procedure has limited risks and is helpful for many patients. Recovery time and prognosis will depend on the condition of the knee problem and the level of complexity.
The CPT code of knee arthroscopy is 29881.
Why Do I Need Knee Arthroscopy?
Doctors might recommend undergoing knee surgery if there is pain patient’s knee. If he has already diagnosed the reason behind the knee pain or may suggest an arthroscopy to treat the knee problem.
The following are treated and diagnosed using arthroscopic surgery;
- Anterior or posterior torn cruciate ligaments
- Torn meniscus( cartilage present between knee bones)
- out of the position of the patella
- Torn cartilage pieces that are loose in the joint
- Removal of baker’s cyst
- Knee bones fractures
- swollen synovium (the lining in the joint)
Before the Procedure
Keep the doctor informed about the medicines or supplements you are taking. Before 2 weeks of the surgery you may have to do the following:
- You will have to stop taking medicines and supplements that might make your blood clot.
- The doctor will suggest a few medicines that have to be taken on the surgery day.
- Consumption of alcohol and smoking should be informed to the doctor and stopped. Since this might affect the recovery time of wound and bone healing. And may also lead to increased surgical complications.
- Let the doctor know about any other illness you are going through.
The Surgery Day:
- The patient should restrict eating and drink for at least 6 to 12 hours before the surgery.
- Take the medicines as suggested by the doctor before the surgery.
- The doctor will advise on when to visit the hospital.
How Do I Prepare for Knee Arthroscopy?
The surgeon assists you on how to prepare for the surgery. Inform him beforehand regarding the medications and supplements that are taken by the patient.
The patient may have to stop taking medicines and other supplements a few days before the procedure. He may have to restrict eating and drinking for at least 6 to 12 hours before the surgery. Sometimes, the doctor might suggest a few medicines to lessen your discomfort after the surgery. Then the patient might have to have those medicines handy in order to take them after surgery.
What Happens During a Knee Arthroscopy?
The doctor gives an anesthetic before the surgery. This may be given in three locations local (only knee), regional ( lower part of the waist), and general ( which lets the patient sleep)
If the patient is not asleep, he can view the procedure on the monitor.
The surgeon will make a few tiny cuts or incisions, in the knee.
Saline or sterile salt water will be allowed to expand the knee. It’s easy for the surgeon to see the inner view of the joint. The arthroscope enters the cut and the doctor will watch the joint using the attached camera on the monitor in the operating room. Small instruments are inserted into the knee to correct the issue. After the surgery, the doctor drains saline from the joint and closes the incision with stitches.
After the Procedure
The patient will have a bandage on the knee after the dressing. He can be discharged on the same day right after the surgery. He might be referred to a physical therapist further.
Recovery time depends on the type of problem that was treated. Crutches should be for a while depending on the type of surgery. Pain medicine will also be prescribed by the doctor.
Recovery will take a lot of time for complex procedures. If the knee is repaired or rebuilt, you may have to walk without a knee brace or crutches for several weeks. Complete recovery takes from several months to a year.
The following are the risks encountered when knee arthroscopy is performed:
While anesthesia is given:
- Breathing problems
Risks associated with the surgery
- Knee joint bleeding
- Damage of meniscus, ligaments, and cartilage in the knee
- A blood clot in the leg
- Nerve or blood vessel injury
- Infection in knee joint
- Stiffness in the knee
Generally, the Knee Arthroscopy costs between XXXXX to XXXX
In knee arthroscopy, the doctors find out the issue with the knee pain and treat the problem. After the surgery to recover completely, the doctors might suggest a few exercises for the issue to resolve.
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