An updated cost and procedure guide for upcoming years.
The human heart is the most vital organ of our body which does the main task of pumping blood. It is the size of a closed fist but it consists of every vital venue, canvas, aorta, and pulmonary trunk. A large number of people, globally, get different types of heart surgeries. One such surgery is cardiac catheterization. One must have sufficient knowledge about the surgeries one is about to have.

If your doctor had recently told you to get a cardiac catheterization done and you were wondering what it is, the cost of such a surgery, etc., keep reading below to discover.
The CPT code of cardiac catheterization with and without Coronary Angiogram is 93452.

What is cardiac catheterization?

Cardiac catheterization, also known as cardiac cath and coronary angiogram is a procedure used to diagnose certain cardiovascular disorders by inserting a thin and long tube known as a catheter into the artery/vein in the groin, neck, or arm and is threaded through the blood vessels to the heart. 

Surgeries like coronary angioplasty and coronary stenting are also done by cardiac catheterization.

Why is cardiac catheterization done?

There are multiple reasons why your doctor might advise for a cardiac catheterization.

  • To diagnose the presence of coronary artery diseases, valve disease, or aorta disease.
  • To evaluate how the heart muscles are working.
  • To determine the need for any further treatments such as coronary artery bypass, replacement of valves, etc.
  • To diagnose Atherosclerosis.

One of the most common causes where a cardiac catheterization is required is atherosclerosis.

What is atherosclerosis?

It is the hardening or clogging of the arteries of the heart by the building up of cholesterol and fatty deposits that restrict the blood flow in the heart. This results in chest pain called angina and further results in a heart attack.

If you have been experiencing severe chest pains, abnormally high cholesterol levels, and other abnormal test results, the doctor might feel it necessary to order a cardiac catheterization.

How long does it take to recover from a heart catheterization?

You have to spend several hours inside the recovery room after the procedure till the anesthesia wears off and the plastic sheath inserted in the groin, arm, or neck is removed.

The nurse will remove the catheter and apply pressure on the insertion sites and you have to lie flat for several hours after the procedure.

The length of stay in the hospital will depend upon your condition, a patient can go home the same day, or sometimes an overnight stay is recommended for patients who had an additional surgery like angioplasty.

The time of recovery after a cardiac catheterization based on the area where the catheter was inserted is as follows.

  •  If the catheter was inserted through the groins, a patient is told to limit climbing stairs for two to three days. Squatting, lifting heavy items, playing sports is strictly restricted.
  • If the catheter was inserted through the arm, lifting a heavy object more than ten pounds is restricted. Even heavy pushing, pulling or twisting is restricted.
  • Sexual activity must be avoided for two to five days and the doctor must be consulted before-hand.
  • Bathing or swimming must be avoided in the first week. The area from where the catheter is inserted must not wet for at least 48 hours. 
  • The health provider will tell you how to change the dressing. 

Left and right heart catheterization

It is also important to know which side of the heart, the catheterization will take place. I will tell you what is the purpose of a left heart catheterization.

The left heart catheterization takes place by passing a tube through the artery whereas, in right heart catheterization, the catheter is inserted through the venous route. 

What is the purpose of a left heart catheterization?

It is used to access heart pumping functions, heart pressures. It is also used to diagnose leaky or tight valves between the upper and bottom chambers of the heart.

How much does a left heart catheterization cost?

The estimated national average for cardiac catheterization with and without coronary angiogram costs around $9,161. The cost varies from country to clinics where you get the surgery done. The cost of a physician consulted before the surgery is excluded from the cost. Left heart catheterization cost in the USA starts from $7,000 to $11,300. The cost of a cardiac catheterization will also depend on whether one is insured or uninsured.

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References:
https://www.mayoclinichealthsystem.org/locations/la-crosse/services-and-treatments/cardiology/catheterization-and-interventional-services/left-and-right-catheterization
https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cardiac-catheterization/about/pac-20384695#:~:text=Cardiac%20catheterization%20(kath%2Duh%2D,blood%20vessels%20to%20your%20heart.
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/treatments/16833-cardiac-catheterization–coronary-angioplasty-and-stent-interventional-procedures#:~:text=Cardiac%20catheterization%20(also%20called%20cardiac,or%20disease%20of%20the%20aorta
https://www.placidway.com/answer-detail/1225/What-is-the-average-cost-of-heart-catheterization

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